STATUS OF CHILD LABOUR IN THE U.T. OF Puducherry

Incidence of child labour is low in the U.T. of Puducherry. This has reflected in the survey conducted in the year 1997, Dropout survey in 2000, in the fresh survey conducted in 2002 and in the periodical inspection conducted by the Enforcement Authorities. The details of the survey conducted so far are furnished hereunder:

 

Survey Report 1997

Pursuant to the directions of Supreme Court, this Administration conducted a survey during April 1997. During the course of survey, 15,840 units in the area of catering establishments, motor transport, factories, slaughterhouses, construction sites, etc., were covered. 29 survey teams involving 64 officials from the Department of Labour, Revenue and Industries conducted the survey through out the length and breadth of the Union Territory. A copy of the Survey Report is furnished hereunder. The report of the survey shows that there is no child labour in any hazardous occupations in the Union Territory of Puducherry. However, there were 617 children working in non-hazardous establishments at the time of survey.

 

 

Region

No. of Child Labourers Identified In

Hazardous Occupations

Non-Hazardous Occupations

Puducherry

Nil

530

Karaikal

Nil

62

Mahe

Nil

1

Yanam

Nil

24

Total

Nil

617

 

 

In order to impart 2 hours of education to the identified working children in non-hazardous establishments, Child Labour Welfare and Protection Centres - 5 in Puducherry, 2 in Karaikal and 1 in Yanam - were opened under the Women Labour Welfare Officers in the respective centres, Play materials and study materials were provided to them. The children were given supplementary meals while imparting education. The employers of the child labour concerned were instructed to pay Rs.250/- p.m. per child (now reduced to Rs.50/- per child labour) towards the cost of education. However the working children were not regular to school. Eventually there was poor attendance of child labour and finally they stopped.


Drop-out Survey

In order to ascertain the position whether the children below 14 years drop-out from school for possible engagement in any employment, a survey on the drop-out students studied in classes I to VIII during the academic year 1999-2000 was conducted. The survey was conducted by the NGOs in the following regions and by the Grama Sevaks of Block Development Office in Mahe region.

  1. Puducherry region :

    1. i) Community Seva Centre
      ii) Immaculate Heart of Marys' Social Service Society

       

  2. Karaikal region :

    1. Village Beneficiaries Education and Development Society

       

  3. Yanam region :

      i) Gopal Nagar Youth Association
      ii) Velaga Narayana Rao Youth Association

       

During the survey on the drop-out students, out of 2446 drop-out students, 204 students were found employed and 853 idling at home. The remaining either joined in other schools or migrated to other villages/ states. A detailed report is furnished hereunder.

 

Region

   Commune

Total no. of drop-out students

Position of the drop-out students

Joined in other schools

Migrated to other villages

Migrated to other state

Idle at home

Employed

Died

Details not known

Puducherry

Puducherry

696

290

163

34

140

41

-

28

Oulgaret

288

150

67

10

34

5

2

20

Villianur

201

47

18

25

78

33

-

-

Mannadipet

181

34

15

27

96

8

-

1

Nettapakkam

73

2

19

3

49

-

-

-

Bahour

235

19

33

31

124

27

1

-

Ariankuppam

183

15

20

22

77

48

1

-

KaraiKal

 

307

30

100

-

136

41

-

-

Mahe

 

62

18

-

28

12

1

-

3

Yanam

 

220

76

37

-

107

-

-

-

Total

2446

681

472

180

853

204

4

52

 

 

This survey showed various reasons for the drop-out of students, not interested in studies, inability of the parents to send their wards to school, discrimination of girl child, etc. The outcome of this survey was sent to the Director of Education to take follow-up action in finding out the ways and means to reduce the school dropouts in the Union Territory of Puducherry.

 

Survey Report 2002

Necessity for Survey

Since more number of additional occupations have been included in schedule II of child labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, in the year 1999 and 2000 and more than 5 years, have been lapsed since the conduct of survey and that the State Level Committee has recommended to conduct fresh survey, it has been decided to conduct fresh survey.

 

a) Report on survey conducted in Establishments:

 

A survey was conducted in Establishments between March 2002 to May 2002 in all the four regions of Puducherry by engaging Government Officials, who have been declared as Inspectors under Child Labour Act, working in Labour Department, Industries, Revenue and DIC. Eighteen survey teams were constituted comprising of 67 officials for all the Municipalities and communes in Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam regions. They were provided with the vehicles drafted from other Departments and from private travel agencies. On the whole 11,676 establishments were inspected by the inspectors in all the four regions of the U.T. of Puducherry. 10 children were found in hazardous occupations/ processes and 27 children were found in non-hazardous occupations/ processes. 10 cases for the prosecution of the employers engaged in hazardous occupations have been filed in the court. The outcome of the survey is detailed hereunder

 

 

Commune

No. of Child Labourers identified

Shops & Estt.

Catering Estt.

MTU

Construction work

Factories

Others

Total

Puducherry(wards 1 to 21)

8

1

-

-

-

-

9

Puducherry(wards 22 to 43)

7

-

-

-

-

-

7

Oulgaret(wards 1 to 18)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Oulgaret(wards 19 to 36)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ariyankuppam

4

2

-

-

-

-

6

Bahour

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

Nettapakkam

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

Villianur

10

3

-

-

-

-

13

Mannadipet

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

TOTAL

30

7

-

-

-

-

37

Karaikal region

Nil

Mahe region

Nil

Yanam region

Nil

TOTAL NO. OF CHILD LABOURERS IDENTIFIED

37


b) Report on Survey conducted on domestic work, rag picking, etc. by NGOs

 

Survey was also conducted simultaneously to identify children engaged in domestic work, rag picking and on street children by engaging NGOs in all the four regions. They have identified 520 children within the age of 14 years as idling at home and working as coolie. Suitable strategy is being evolved for sending them back to school and for their rehabilitation. A report on children identified in such occupations, identified by the NGOs is given hereunder.

Name of the Region & Position of employed children below 14 yrs.

Area Surveyed

Domestic
work

Idle at home/
Working
at own House

Coolie

Total

Puducherry

Mannadipet Commune

4

8

92

104

Villianur Commune

8

43

14

65

Puducherry Municipality

36

19

28

83

Ariankuppam Commune

19

1

10

30

Bahour Commune

3

6

62

71

Oulgaret Municipality

35

14

20

69

Nettapakkam Commune

Nil

17

12

29

 

 

 

 

451

KARAIKAL

Karaikal Municipality

Nil

--

--

--

Thirunallar Commune

Nil

--

--

--

Neravy

Nil

--

--

--

Nedungadu

14

--

--

14

Kottuchery

4

--

--

4

T.R. Pattinam

21

--

--

21

 

39

MAHE

 

1

--

--

1

 

4

--

--

4

 

5

YANAM

 

--

8

--

8

 

17

--

--

17

 

Nil

--

--

--

 

25

TOTAL

166

116

238

520

 

 

The following NGOs were involved in the survey.

Name of the NGO

Area Surveyed

Puducherry Region
Community Seva Centre


Ariyankuppam and Bahour communes

Immaculate Heart of Mary’s Social Service Society

Puducherry Municipality

ADECOM

Villianur commune

Volontatriat

Oulgaret Municipality

SOJAHUR

Mannadipet Commune

SFDRT

Nettapakkam Commune

Karaikal Region
St. Rock’s Dispensary Convent

Karaikal Municipality

VEBEDS

Thirunalllar, Neravy, Nedungadu, Kottuchery and T.R. Pattinam communes

Mahe region
Sree Samajam, Mahe

Mahe

S.K.B.S. Mahila Samajam Mahe, Choodikota

Nava Jyothi Mahila Samajam, Parakkal

Anaswara Vanitha Samajam, Cherukallai

Abhaya Mahila Samajam, Naluthara

Chembra Mahila Samajam

Prabha Mahila Samajam, Koyyottu theru

Kasthurba Mahila Samajam, Palloor

Palloor Mahila Samajam, Palloor

Chaithanya Mahila Samajam, Chalakkara

Yanam Region
Gopal Youth Association, Gopal Nagar, Yanam

Yanam

Bharat Ratna Dr. Ambedkar Yuvajana Samkshema Sangam, Darialatippa, Yanam

Jeevan Youth Associations, Bheem nagar, Yanam