Incidence of child labour is low in the U.T. of Puducherry. This has reflected in the survey conducted in the year 1997, Dropout survey in 2000, in the fresh survey conducted in 2002 and in the periodical inspection conducted by the Enforcement Authorities. The details of the survey conducted so far are furnished hereunder:
Survey Report 1997
Pursuant to the directions of Supreme Court, this Administration conducted a survey during April 1997. During the course of survey, 15,840 units in the area of catering establishments, motor transport, factories, slaughterhouses, construction sites, etc., were covered. 29 survey teams involving 64 officials from the Department of Labour, Revenue and Industries conducted the survey through out the length and breadth of the Union Territory. A copy of the Survey Report is furnished hereunder. The report of the survey shows that there is no child labour in any hazardous occupations in the Union Territory of Puducherry. However, there were 617 children working in non-hazardous establishments at the time of survey.
In order to impart 2 hours of education to the identified working children in non-hazardous establishments, Child Labour Welfare and Protection Centres - 5 in Puducherry, 2 in Karaikal and 1 in Yanam - were opened under the Women Labour Welfare Officers in the respective centres, Play materials and study materials were provided to them. The children were given supplementary meals while imparting education. The employers of the child labour concerned were instructed to pay Rs.250/- p.m. per child (now reduced to Rs.50/- per child labour) towards the cost of education. However the working children were not regular to school. Eventually there was poor attendance of child labour and finally they stopped.
In order to ascertain the position whether the children below 14 years drop-out from school for possible engagement in any employment, a survey on the drop-out students studied in classes I to VIII during the academic year 1999-2000 was conducted. The survey was conducted by the NGOs in the following regions and by the Grama Sevaks of Block Development Office in Mahe region.
i) Community Seva Centre
Village Beneficiaries Education and Development Society
During the survey on the drop-out students, out of 2446 drop-out students, 204 students were found employed and 853 idling at home. The remaining either joined in other schools or migrated to other villages/ states. A detailed report is furnished hereunder.
This survey showed various reasons for the drop-out of students, not interested in studies, inability of the parents to send their wards to school, discrimination of girl child, etc. The outcome of this survey was sent to the Director of Education to take follow-up action in finding out the ways and means to reduce the school dropouts in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
Survey Report 2002
Necessity for Survey
Since more number of additional occupations have been included in schedule II of child labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, in the year 1999 and 2000 and more than 5 years, have been lapsed since the conduct of survey and that the State Level Committee has recommended to conduct fresh survey, it has been decided to conduct fresh survey.
a) Report on survey conducted in Establishments:
A survey was conducted in Establishments between March 2002 to May 2002 in all the four regions of Puducherry by engaging Government Officials, who have been declared as Inspectors under Child Labour Act, working in Labour Department, Industries, Revenue and DIC. Eighteen survey teams were constituted comprising of 67 officials for all the Municipalities and communes in Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam regions. They were provided with the vehicles drafted from other Departments and from private travel agencies. On the whole 11,676 establishments were inspected by the inspectors in all the four regions of the U.T. of Puducherry. 10 children were found in hazardous occupations/ processes and 27 children were found in non-hazardous occupations/ processes. 10 cases for the prosecution of the employers engaged in hazardous occupations have been filed in the court. The outcome of the survey is detailed hereunder
b) Report on Survey conducted on domestic work, rag picking, etc. by NGOs
Survey was also conducted simultaneously to identify
children engaged in domestic work, rag picking and on street children
by engaging NGOs in all the four regions. They have identified 520 children
within the age of 14 years as idling at home and working as coolie.
Suitable strategy is being evolved for sending them back to school and
for their rehabilitation. A report on children identified in such occupations,
identified by the NGOs is given hereunder.
The following NGOs were involved in the survey.