After the Bhopal tragedy, Major Accident Hazard Control and Techniques of Inspection has always been the serious concern of Government of India. New regulations are also on the anvil for formulations. Major hazards are mainly due to failure of storage vessels, containers and equipments in factories and installations holding hazardous and toxic substances or chemicals. The stability and reliability of these vessels, equipments and containers depend on periodic testing, examination and maintenance. To take care of such factories and the situation that may arise in case of any fault, the Control on Industrial Major Accident Hazardous Rules, 1992 was framed, by this Administration.



This Rules specifies certain criteria based on the toxic / explosive nature and the quantity handled / stored and the step to be taken by the management to handle any emergency.



As per this Rule, it is mandatory on the part of the management to disclose the required informations on the danger involved to the workers as well as to the persons outside the site who are likely to be in an area which might be affected by a major accident at any time.  



As per this rule, it is the responsibilities of the management to handle an emergency inside the factory. However when the emergency crosses the factory and affects the general public then it becomes the collective responsibilities of the administration. To handle such situation the Additional Divisional Magistrate has been notified as the District Emergency Authority in respect of Puducherry region and the respective Regional Executive Officers in the regions of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam as District Emergency Authority vide G.O. No. 3/2001/Lab dated 29th January 2001.

Factory Inspectorate - Table of Content