|FACTORY INSPECTORATE- FACTORIES ACT, 1948|
FACTORIES ACT, 1948
The Factories Act, 1948 is a comprehensive piece of legislation covering all
aspects relating to factories including approval, licensing and
registration of factories, the inspecting authorities under the Act,
health, safety, welfare, working hours, employment of adults and young
children, annual leave and penalties
section 2 (m), a factory has been defined as any premises including the
Section 85 of the act, the state government has been vested with the
powers to apply the act to certain premises wherein
Accordingly considering the potentiality of danger involved, this administration have notified 41 manufacturing process to be covered under the Factories Act, 1948 in the year 1989 vide G.O. Ms. No. 35/89-Lab/G dated 12th June 1989.
FEATURES OF THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948
Section 11 to 20 deals with the health of workers in the work place defining the various parameters in maintaining the cleanliness, disposal of effluent, standard of lightening, noise levels, latrines, etc.,
Section 21 to 41 deals with the safety provisions. Fencing of machineries, restriction of women and children in certain type of process, testing of pressure plants, hoists and lifts, lifting machineries, chains, ropes and lifting tackles by competent persons, appointment of safety officers etc., are explained.
Section 42 to 50 specifies the necessity for welfare of workers such as washing facilities, first aid appliances, rest room, crèches,canteen, appointment of welfare officers, etc.,
(d) Provision relating to Hazardous Process
Section 41(A) to 41(H) deals various special provisions for factories wherein hazardous process are carried on. Here compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier to the workers as well as to the public, permissible limit of exposure of chemicals and toxic substance, workers participation in safety management etc, are prescribed.
Section 51 to 66 handles the restriction of working hours such as weekly hours, weekly holidays, compensatory holidays, night shifts, over time, etc.,
Employment of Young Persons
Section 67 to 77 explains the working conditions of young persons, regarding the certificate of fitness reduced working hours etc.
Annual Leave with wages
Section 78 to 84 deals with the leave eligibility for a worker
Penalty and Procedure
Section 92 to 106A deals with the penalty provisions. For any contravention of the provisions of this act, or of any rules made there under, the occupier and the manager of the factory shall each be guilty of an offence and punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 Years of with fine which may extend to 1 lakh rupees or with both.
of Industries involving hazardous process under Section 2 (cb) of the
Factories Act, 1948